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Vape Parts Explained: How Do Vapes Work?

Vape Parts Explained How Do Vapes Work

Vape Parts Explained

Many people who plan to use vapes to quit smoking can get overwhelmed with the amount of information given to them once they start using vapes. While it may seem like a lot, the parts of a vape are simple to understand. This vape guide will explain different vape parts and how they work for you.

First things first, there are two main types of vapes: vape mods and vape pods. Both have similarities and differences with each other. However, they generally use the same components.

Cartomizer, Tank, or Pod

The vape tank goes on top of the device itself; it stores e-juice that your device turns into vapor. It’s important to know that not all vape boxes have tanks. Some of them are made for dripping juices, also called rebuildable drip atomizers or RDA. We’ll explain what an Atomizer is a little later. Most atomizers come with a tank that can be magnetically attached or twisted on.


A mouthpiece can also be called a drip tip. Two types of standard drip tips are used on tanks, 510 and 810. The diameter of the 810 drip tip is 12.5mm, while the 510 drip tip is 8.5mm.

While it may not be important for some people, a drip tip size can improve your personal experience. For example, for people who like stealth vaping and are using low wattage, you can get a concentrated flavor hit with a 510 drip tip since the airflow hole is much smaller.

For people who like to create a lot of smoke, having an 810 drip tip is much better. With a larger diameter, the airflow isn’t restricted, and you can inhale more vapor. 


For a fully customizable experience, having adjustable airflow is an important feature. The placing of the airflow can also affect the quality of your vape hits. Top airflow is popular because it immediately addresses one of the most common problems, which is leaking. The airflow can sometimes be on the side of the atomizer as well.



Without an atomizer, you cannot have a fully functioning vape device. It’s responsible for creating vapor. The atomizer is usually sold with the tank.

Rebuildable Tank Atomizer (RTA)

As the name suggests, these are tanks where you can install your built coil. It’s a favorite among people who like to customize their vaping methods. As opposed to an RDA, the RTA has a tank that can store the liquid. 

Rebuildable Drip Atomizer (RDA)

As mentioned in the previous section, not all vapes have tanks. Some use a rebuildable drip atomizer where you apply the juice directly to the wick. This is good for people who want to chain vape since you can control the amount of e-juice getting into the wick; it also helps prevent dry hits.

Some people prefer this method; however, most vapers choose to use a tank for convenience.


Rebuildable Atomizer

This type of atomizer is usually created for a specific vape pod. It allows you to build coils for a much smaller vape device. However, this type of tank is rarely seen as people who prefer vape pens buy the corresponding vape tanks for convenience.


A battery powers all vaping devices. Some vape pods do not have a removable battery, while larger vape box mods have changeable batteries. Many people prefer to have a removable battery so they can charge one while using another. There are different types of batteries for different vapes, and you should buy one that works best with your device. People who are just starting to vape tend to use internal batteries that already come inside a vape pod. In contrast, more experienced vapers tend to buy devices with external batteries for external charging and longer battery life. 


External Batteries

External batteries are labeled by their diameter and length. For example, the most common battery is a 18650 battery. The eighteen stands for its diameter, while the sixty-five stands for its length. There are also other batteries like 20700, 21700, and 26650. Before buying a battery, you should always check the device specifications of your vaporizer.

Internal Batteries

Vape pods usually have internal batteries that cannot be removed unless you open the device itself. Vape devices with this type of battery are good to start with. To charge it, you will need to connect the device to a charging cable.


Display Screen

Display screens are necessary for vape mods with adjustable controls. Displays will allow you to see the wattage, coil resistance, voltage, ampere, and sometimes even the puff count. Other vape devices have different modes, such as power, VPC, temperature control, battery level, and bypass. 


Ohm Meter

One of the most important features is the Ohm meter, especially if you are building your tank. The Ohm meter will display the current reading of the coil you have installed in the atomizer. Depending on the device you have and how you puff your vape, you can track your wattage power with more consistency. 


Advanced vape products have multiple modes you can use to customize your vaping experience. The most popular ones are power mode and temperature control mode. Keep in mind that other devices may have different options to select. 


Temperature Setting

Modern vape devices have temperature control settings that ensure you don’t overheat your device. This is great for people who have just started vaping, so they don’t overheat the coil or battery. When the threshold of the temperature you set has been reached, your device will stop producing vapor until it cools down. You can usually adjust this setting on your vape if it’s available.


Wattage or Voltage Setting

One of the most popular methods to customize the vapor output is through wattage or voltage settings. By controlling the amount of power that your device will pass through the atomizer, you can create thick or thin clouds. Higher wattage often results in more vapor. This is best for people who want to try out new tricks. In comparison, lower power gives you a stronger flavor and is best paired with nic salts.

Other Modes

Different devices usually offer extra modes. These are usually modifications of either the temperature or power mode. These may include specific temperature control for certain types of coils such as titanium, stainless steel and nichrome.

Puff Counter

This is a fun addition to a display screen as it counts the number of puffs or hits you have taken. It can also be handy for people who want to measure certain how often they use their vape. You can use it to keep track of how many puffs it takes before the cotton wick burns out. It can also count how many puffs you have left before the battery dies. These metrics can be used to optimize your device and ensure that you are not overheating it.


USB Charging Port

The two most common types of charging ports on a vaping device are micro-USB and USB-C. 

Button Controls

Button controls are standard in most modern vapes. For rebuildable tanks, it is necessary to control the wattage to get the proper vape hit you want. Most vape devices have buttons; they just depend on complexity. Vape pods generally have one or two buttons for power and to switch modes. Other devices use touchscreen displays to provide more access to specific modes.


Fire Button

The fire button is the button you need to press when you want to puff. Some devices may not have a fire button and instead have an automatic draw when you inhale. Another function of the fire button in pod mods is to turn your device on or off. It usually requires you to press it multiple times. There might also be a combination of buttons that lock your device and prevent you from accidentally pressing the buttons. 


While there is a lot of information about vape parts, much of it is self-explanatory and straightforward. Make sure to always read the user manual first as it’s there to explain the functions to you. Whether you are quit smoking with vaping or simply want to try out cool new tricks, we hope you find this information useful. If you want to learn more about vaping and vaping devices, make sure you subscribe to our newsletter. We’ll keep you updated!

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